Dwarf hamsters were formerly exclusively accessible through licensed breeders. However, as the reputation of these hamster breeds amongst pet owners has grown, a few of these breeds have become more easily accessible to local pet shops.
Dwarf hamsters are the smallest breeds of hamsters that are found mainly in arid areas all over the globe. These sociable smallest creatures are distinct from their bigger ones or territorial counterparts, and they prefer to live in pairings or smaller groups rather than in solitary. Their typical demeanor as pets is that they are gentle and uncomplicated to care. They are also entertaining to observe as they burrow and frolic around in their cage. Their upkeep is simple and easy, just basic food and frequent cage maintenance regularly.
In this article, we will look at the many breeds of the smallest hamsters available worldwide.
1) Russian Campbell Hamster
Campbell’s hamster was originally found in Mongolia around 1902 by W.C Campbell, who named it after himself. It wasn’t long before this draft-sized hamster found its entrance into the realm of smaller pets. Initially, these smaller hamsters could only be acquired via breeders. However, as the interest for small hamsters rose, regional pet shops began to market them. The Campbell’s hamster was the first smallest breed to be available for purchase at pet shops.
The Campbell dwarf hamster is known for being more inquisitive and extroverted than other dwarf hamsters. The rest of its time has been spent dashing around frolicking or getting exercise on its hamster wheel since this breed is swift and nimble. Thus, along with its diminutive size, it makes it a less-than-ideal choice for families with young kids. Furthermore, whenever disturbed or anxious, this hamster may be a bit snappy and irritable. You wouldn’t want to give a young kid a hamster that is difficult to control since this might lead to a fleeing hamster or, more probable, a harmed hamster.
Prior to the introduction of color variations, the Campbell dwarf could only be found in a single coloration: the typical gray back with a white belly and a conspicuous black dorsal line. Furthermore, as a byproduct of breeding processes, these smaller hamsters exist in many color variants today. This breed is much more in demand and easily accessible at local pet shops due to the various color available choices and being the smallest and considered the most good-natured of the dwarf hamster breeds.
2) Russian Winter White Hamster
Winter White hamster is one of those breeds ideal as smaller pets, and it is also recognized as the Siberian hamster. In their native lands of Siberia, where the winter weather is freezing and wintry, this breed was originated. They were first produced in captivity throughout the 1970s and have also been widely available in pet shops.
A Winter White Hamster is often a 3-4 inch long, spherical, or oval rodent with a short tail. A fully developed hamster may weigh between 1/5 and 2 ounces when fully grown. This creature has huge black eyes and is larger in size than the Campbell. Aside from that, it has the smallest ears and denser fur.
Contrary to the common name, this breed has a diverse range of colors that do not restrict itself to white. A grayish brownish top part of the body with a whitish-gray belly split in the middle by three different arches distinguishes it in its nature. During wintertime, the fur will grow lighter in color and become even more whitish. Additionally, modified color variants are available, but they do not change colors as natural ones do.
Despite their place of origin, which has very harsh winters, they don’t hibernate. The only difference is that they will slumber longer and wake up late in the day. It is estimated that they spend lesser time outside of their burrows. Due to the harshness of their environment, they prefer living in groups, with the males assisting in caring for their young hamsters.
Another interesting fact about this hamster is that it has been triggered more allergy responses in people than in any other breed.
3) Roborovski Hamster
The Roborovski dwarf hamster is believed to have originated in the deserts of western and eastern Mongolia and Russia. There have been pet shops selling this hamster species since before the 1990s when it first became renowned. The Roborovki hamster, on the other hand, is less widely accessible than the Campbell hamster breeds.
This breed, just like all the other dwarf hamster species, may live in groups or alone. Minor fights may break out, yet they only have to be separate if the fight is severe, they are swift, difficult to control and handle. They are not ideal for little kids, but they may be trained to behave appropriately. It’s also essential to buy smaller-sized hamster equipment to ensure that these small creatures are not harmed by difficult-to-use wheels, pellets, and tunnels.
If you observe that your beloved Roborovski hamster is dozing for a longer period of time than most other kinds of hamsters, don’t be frightened. It is not a sign that your pet is unwell or even weary. Somewhat, they are famous as the morning sleepers in the realm of the pet hamster. Its most active time is in the nighttime, between 9 and 11 in the evening.
4) Chinese Hamster
Due to its lower reputation, the Chinese dwarf hamster is the most difficult to get of all the hamster species. As a result, it is rare to get this hamster in a local pet shop. Even though it is commonly known as a dwarf hamster, it is classed as a rat-like creature; it most closely resembles a mouse. The Chinese hamster, found in Mongolia and China, has been shaped by a rough and hilly environment since these regions make them good climbers. In the summertime, these creatures are reported to stay active throughout the day and night.
It has a few distinguishing characteristics that distinguish it from the other hamster species. For instance, the Campbells and Winter White hamsters all have a longer body form than this breed. Its adult may be grown to be 10 to 12cm tall, and it may weigh roughly 40 to 50g. The Chinese hamster does have shorter, stubby legs that help to give the impression that its body seems to be much longer. It has a light-colored bottom and dark stripe with a gray-colored top. Unfortunately, the most extraordinary distinguishing feature of this breed, and most likely the cause for its unpopularity, is that the males have huge sex organs that are roughly the size of its head.
While it is possible to maintain a community of Chinese Dwarfs in one cage, female hamsters may turn hostile against males in the cage whenever they are pregnant. Males who are unable to outrun the female’s fury will be killed. Give them lots of hiding spots, and make sure they have smaller-sized tunnels connecting the various dwelling compartments. It would be best if you guaranteed the well-being of all of the hamsters housed in the cage.
Getting hamsters is not the only option for bringing these adorable creatures into your house. Every hamster breed has its own set of traits. However, it’s essential to remember that temperaments may vary depending on the hamster’s surroundings and age. Getting a hamster does not mean it will be a good pet; they need a three to five-year commitment. Therefore it’s crucial to think carefully before getting one!